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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

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IKTBOTIOH OF THE SCUL?iUBR                                       1ST

has been scooped out so as to form as it were a shallow circular basin. A block, of

precisely the same dimensions and carved with two simlar gromps-5 was discovered
somewhere near Mathura, the precise locality, Hot having beea placed on record,
by Colonel Stacy In the year 1836, who deposited it In the Calcutta museum, where
it still is. His Idea was that the principal figure represented Silenus, that the
sculptors were Bactrlan Greeks, and that their work was meant to "be a tazza^ or
rather a pedestal for the support of a tazza or large sacrificial vase. These
opinions were endorsed by James Priasep, and ha?e prevailed to the present
dav. I beKeve them, however to be erronecrasj though not ajanataraEy suggest-
ed "by a general resemblance to some such a picture as is given in Woolner's
Pygmalion of 

u Weak-kneed Si'ewB puffim^ on bofth sides
TTph M by grinning flares, who plied the cop

Wherein two nymphs squeezed juice of dusky grape*.**

Of tbe two groups on the Stacy stone one represents the drunkard after be
has drained the cup, and is almost identical with that aboYe described. The
other exhibits an entirely different scene in the story, though some of the
characters appear to be the same. There are four figures  two male and two
female  standing under the shade of a tree with long clusters of drooping flaw-
ers. The first figure to the right is a female dressed in a long skirt and apper
jacket, with a narrow scarf thrown over her arms. Her right hand is grasped
by her male companion, who has his left arm round her neck. He is entirely
naked , save for a very short pair of drawers barely reaching to the middle of
the thigh^ and a shawl wMch may be supposed to hang loosely at Ms back, but
in front shows only the ends tied loosely in a knot under Ms chin. Behind Mm
and with her back to Ms back is another female dressed as the first, but with
elaborate bangles covering nearly half the fore-arm. Her male companion
seems to be turning away as if on the point of taking his leave. He wears light
drawers reaching to the ankles and a thin muslin tunic, fitting close to the "body
and terminating a little below the knees, On the ground at the feet of each of
the male figures is a covered

As to the names of the personages concerned and the particular story wMch
the sculptor intended to represent^ I am not able to offer any suggestion. Pro-
bably, when Buddhist literature has been more largely stodied, the legend thus
illnsixated will be brought to light. The general purport of the three scenes
appear to me nnmistakeable. In the first the two male conspirators are per-
suading their female companions to take part in the plot* the nature of the plot
being indicated by the two cups at their feet In ifae second ihe venerable